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Glossary

Bilirubin

An orange-yellow substance in the body that is made when red blood cells breakdown (which is normal). Bilirubin goes through your liver and your body gets rid of it through voiding and bowel movements and with sunlight converting it in the skin. A Bilirubin test is a normal test given to newborns to check for Jaundice (see: Jaundice definition below) and is usually obtained after the first 24 hours of life or before leaving the hospital.

Comorbidity

When a patient has two chronic diseases or conditions at the same time.

Dermal melanosis (slate gray spot/mongolian spot)

A blue-grey mark on a newborn’s skin that is a common type of birthmark.

Erythema toxicum (normal newborn rash)

A common benign rash in newborns that usually shows up 2 – 5 days after birth.

Gestational diabetes

A form of diabetes (high blood sugar) pregnant women can get.

Heart conditions (all of which can cause a murmur)

  • ASD (Atrial Septal Defect) – a birth defect that causes a hole in the wall between the hearts upper champers.
  • PFO (Patent Foramen Ovale) – a hole in the heart that didn’t close the way it should after during birth. While the baby is still in the womb, a small flap-like opening (the foramen ovale) is usually found in the wall between the right and left upper chambers of the heart. It can close on its own immediately, up to 6 months of age.
  • VSD (Ventricular Septal Defect) – a heart defect due to an abnormal connection between the lower chambers of the heart.

Heart murmur

An unusual sound heard between heartbeats. Can sometimes sound like a whooshing or swishing noise. Murmurs may be harmless, but may also be a sign of a more serious heart condition

Jaundice

A liver condition that causes an increased level of Bilirubin in the blood. Symptoms are yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes. Jaundice normally can happen when the infant's liver is still maturing. The young liver is slow to process bilirubin correctly. Occasionally, when infant's blood type does not match the mother's, this can cause jaundice. (See bilirubin definition.)

Missouri Newborn Screenings

Missouri law requires all babies born in the state be screened for over 70 different disorders. While most screenings are done by collecting a small amount of blood from pricking the baby’s heel, there is also a newborn hearing screening and a heart disease screening. For more details about the newborn screenings, click here.

Preeclampsia

A pregnancy complication in which the main symptom is high blood pressure, but other symptoms can include swelling of the hands and feet and protein found in the urine. Preeclampsia can also include signs of damage to other organs including the kidneys and liver. Preeclampsia usually begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy in women whose blood pressure had been normal.

Seborrheic dermatitis (cradle cap)

Crusty and white or yellow scales on baby's scalp. Cradle cap can be a result of the scalp's skin glands producing too much oil around the hair follicles.

Labor of Love app

Truman Medical Centers/University Health's Labor of Love app offers anytime, anywhere education powered by YoMingo®, a program designed to give you convenient access to valuable information. It includes the tools and support you need at every stage of your healthcare journey and beyond.

Download the app